The study is from last year, but this just crossed my desk and I got a chuckle out of it. Philly.com:
Older adults who say they've had a life-changing religious experience are more likely to have a greater decrease in size of the hippocampus, the part of the brain critical to learning and memory, new research finds.Now, it's possible that this study doesn't disprove the existence of God at all. It's possible that God simply likes people with smaller brains, which goes a long ways towards explaining American politics. To wit, this wonderful clip from the movie "Defending your life," with Albert Brooks and Meryl Streep. If you haven't seen it, rent it - it's wonderful.
According to the study, people who said they were a "born-again" Protestant or Catholic, or conversely, those who had no religious affiliation, had more hippocampal shrinkage (or "atrophy") compared to people who identified themselves as Protestants, but not born-again.